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Clinical Images/Spotters
1 (
1
); 30-31
doi:
10.25259/JPED_11_2021

Tall Stature with Bumpy Tongue: A Rare Polyendocrine Neoplasia Syndrome

Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, Department of Pediatrics (Advanced Pediatrics Centre), PGIMER, Chandigarh, India
Division of Pediatric Radiology, Department of Radiodiagnosis, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India
Corresponding author: Jaivinder Yadav, Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, Department of Pediatrics (Advanced Pediatrics Centre), PGIMER, Chandigarh, India. jai1984yadav@gmail.com
Licence
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-Share Alike 4.0 License, which allows others to remix, tweak, and build upon the work non-commercially, as long as the author is credited and the new creations are licensed under the identical terms.

How to cite this article: Yadav J, Gupta S, Sodhi K. Tall stature with bumpy tongue: A rare polyendocrine neoplasia syndrome. J Pediatr Endocrinol Diabetes 2021;1:30-1.

A 15-year-old girl presented with multiple nodular swellings over the tongue, lips, angle of the mouth, and bilateral upper eyelids. She was comparatively tall (height 160 cm, +0.6 Z) when compared to her mid-parental height (146 cm, −2.12 Z) and had a marfanoid habitus with bilateral ectropion on examination [Figure 1]. Due to the clinical phenotype and suspicion of the polyendocrine syndrome, investigations for medullary carcinoma thyroid (MTC) were done which showed high serum calcitonin 956 pg/mL (normal range < 10 pg/mL). Ultrasound thyroid revealed two intrathyroidal lesions with calcification [Figure 2] and biopsy of the lesion confirmed the diagnosis of MTC. The clinical features and lab abnormalities established the diagnosis of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2B (MEN2B). MEN2B is a polyendocrine syndrome caused by activating mutations in the RET proto-oncogene and is characterized by MTC (100% cases), pheochromocytoma (50%), and a classic clinical phenotype which includes the presence of mucosal neuromas on the lips, tongue, or conjunctiva, marfanoid habitus, pes cavus, pectus excavatum, high-arched palate, scoliosis, slipped capital femoral epiphysis, joint laxity, proximal muscle weakness, and thickened lips. Alacrima, ectropion, and ptosis can also be seen. Surgical treatment for thyroid and adrenal lesions offers the best chances of survival.

Figure 1:: (a) Nodular swellings over the lips, buccal mucosa, and tongue. (b) Demonstration of wrist sign in the same child. (c) Bilateral ectropion and nodular swellings in bilateral upper eyelids. (d) Marfanoid habitus with arm span longer than length. (e) Another image of nodular swellings on both the lips.
Figure 2:: Axial ultrasound image of the thyroid gland showing a very hypoechoic nodule in the right lobe (yellow arrows) and slightly isoechoic to hypoechoic nodule in the left lobe (red arrows). Echogenic foci seen within both nodules represent calcification.

Declaration of patient consent

The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.


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